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Climate | Biden wants greener cars and tightens standards

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(Washington) Cars sold in the United States will have to be fuel efficient by 2023, which should accelerate the deployment of the electric vehicle, announced the administration Biden as its plan for the environment has lead in the wing after the defection of a key senator.

Automobile manufacturers will therefore have to improve the energy performance of their models by 5 to 10% per year between 2023 and 2026, against 1.5% per year required in March 2020 by the Trump administration, and 5% by the Obama administration.

These new consumption standards, published Monday by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), should make it possible to tighten regulations that had been greatly relaxed under the presidency of Donald Trump.


PHOTO SUSAN WALSH, ARCHIVES ASSOCIATED PRESS

Joe Biden, who likes to present himself as “a guy who loves cars,” promised stricter consumption standards last August.

These are “the most ambitious federal greenhouse gas emission standards ever established for passenger cars and pickups,” the agency said in a statement.

Joe Biden, who likes to present himself as “a guy who loves cars,” promised stricter consumption standards last August.

He had then displayed great ambitions to green the American automotive industry, lagging behind its foreign competitors, and relied in particular, to achieve this, on investments planned as part of its gigantic environmental and social reforms.

However, the “Build Back Better” plan and its $ 1,750 billion in spending seemed doomed to failure on Monday the day after the announcement of the refusal of a key Democratic senator, the very moderate Joe. Manchin, to support it.

The standard released on Monday would gradually increase – starting in 2023 – the average fuel efficiency of vehicles for the entire industry – cars, SUVs and pickups – to reach 40 mpg (5.88 liters / 100 km) by 2026 .

This is an average, some vehicles will consume more, others less.

The new standard is 25% higher than a rule finalized by the Trump administration last year and 5% higher than a proposal by the Environmental Protection Agency in August.

This new target for reducing polluting emissions is the most ambitious ever set. Former President Donald Trump lowered the target last year to 32 miles per gallon (7.35 liters / 100 km), to be reached in 2026.

Last August, President Biden had already raised the requirements to 38 miles per gallon (6.19 liters / 100 km).

To achieve this, car manufacturers will have to improve the technical performance of their models, but also manufacture more electric cars.

“By mid-2026, the EPA predicts that final standards can be met with around 17% of electric vehicles sold and wider adoption of advanced gasoline engine technologies available today,” the agency said. in a press release.

Electric cars now represent between 2% and 4% of total auto sales in the United States, according to the sources.

Joe Biden had previously signed an executive order that by 2030 half of all cars sold in the United States would be emission-free – electric, plug-in hybrids or hydrogen.

Government support

This new regulation requires “a substantial increase in sales of electric vehicles,” said in a statement John Bozzella, CEO of the Alliance for Automotive Innovation, which brings together American and foreign manufacturers representing nearly all cars sold to United States.

According to him, achieving the planned objectives “will undoubtedly require the adoption of supportive government policies”, he added.

He talks about “incentives for consumers, substantial growth in infrastructure, fleet requirements and support for manufacturing and supply chain development in the United States”.

The EPA further estimates that with these new consumption standards, “US drivers will save between $ 210 billion and $ 420 billion by 2050 on fuel costs.”

Among the objectives put forward include “reducing climate pollution, improving public health and saving money at the pump for drivers”, he said.



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