(Paris) A few start-ups, but also car giants, are starting to install solar panels on their new electric cars, promising a bit of extra range, but not yet rolling with the eye.
Under the scorching sun of northern Spain, the O, the first production model from the start-up Lightyear, gathers enough solar energy to cover more than 70 kilometers every day for free. Its front hood and long roof are covered with five square meters of solar panels.
Its founders, young Dutch engineers, won several solar-powered races in the Australian desert. Taking advantage of falling prices for photovoltaic panels and batteries, they are trying to apply this technology to everyday cars.
The O’s highly aerodynamic body and in-wheel motors allow it to consume less energy than the market-dominating electric SUVs and boast a range of 625 kilometers on one charge. By driving little, we could thus only plug it in in winter, promises the brand.
“The clock is ticking: we need to drive sustainably as soon as possible,” said one of its founders, Lex Hoefsloot, to AFP. “Charging stations remain a major obstacle. If we don’t need it, we can scale much faster. »
Lightyear has set the bar very high with this first model built with less than 1,000 copies and displaying a Bentley price of 250,000 euros. An affordable version, around 30,000 euros, is announced for 2024-2025.
As the electric car market explodes, several models with solar panels are expected in the coming months. Toyota already offered panels on its Prius hybrid (optional, in Europe only) and on its very first 100% electric car, the BZ4X. Ditto for Tesla’s prototype pickup truck, scheduled for 2023.
Mercedes has equipped the roof of its luxurious EQXX prototype with photovoltaic cells which, with the same slender profile as the Lightyear, promises 1000 kilometers of autonomy.
According to the American researcher Gregory Nemet, “photovoltaic panels have become so cheap that, even in areas with little sunshine, it is worth installing them”.
“Even though a car roof can’t fully charge the battery in a day, it can still pack in enough energy to get you home from work,” says the University of Wisconsin energy scientist.
With a few hundred additional euros per car, solar energy could at least compensate for the use of air conditioning, analyzes Gautham Ram Chandra Mouli, specialist in electric mobility at the University of Delft (Netherlands).
Be careful, however, where you park, warns the expert: the car obviously only recharges if it is outside, and much less in winter. In addition, it recharges much better near the Equator than in Northern Europe.
Under the California sun, the Aptera start-up has 25,000 pre-orders for its first model, scheduled for the end of the year, a small car with three wheels and two seats. Depending on the version, billed between 26,000 and 46,000 dollars, it displays between 400 and 1600 kilometers of autonomy.
Another much more classic solar model, but also affordable and ambitious, is expected in Germany at the end of 2022: the Sion. This compact with five seats is cubic and all black, because fully covered with solar panels.
“We have developed a technology that covers the entire car,” explains Jona Christians, co-director of the big German start-up that imagined it, Sono Motors. With 18,000 registered pre-orders, they plan to produce 260,000 cars by 2030.
The Sion incorporates the “Vehicle-to-Grid” system, which allows its charged battery to return electricity to the grid when the sun is no longer shining.
The small manufacturer also plans to sell its solar technology to others, such as the French group of refrigerated trailers Chéreau.
Another Dutch brand, Squad Mobility, plans to launch license-free solar cars in 2023.
Its boss Robert Hoevers, a former Lightyear employee, sees the future of cars in the sun: “The panels will become even cheaper, the electric motors more efficient: sooner or later, we will be driving on solar energy every day. »